Following this, I will explain why the offence happened. The defendant's answers will determine follow up questions, items for further investigation or corroboration, and, ultimately, whether the data should be included in the report.
Bureau of Prisons and the U. No question is asked without a purpose. Write a sentence about the label you have given the group of ideas. Loop your free-writing again, circling another interesting topic, idea, phrase, or sentence. Even though some of the data solicited from the offender during this interview may not appear in the final report, it is impossible at this stage to determine what information will be included.
The interventions proposed should aim to reduce further offending, including future risk of serious harm to others. Here the description ends and the analysis kicks in. Review of records[ edit ] During any investigation a probation officer may review numerous documents including: Locate clusters of interest to you, and use the terms you attached to the key ideas as departure points for your paper.
Often, the format is a structured interview during which a standard worksheet is completed. In addition to gathering information, the officer must plan to verify that information, interpret and evaluate the data, determine the appropriate sentencing guidelines and statutes to the specific facts of the case, and present the results of the investigation in an organized and objective report.
So, we may explore areas such as financial gain, revenge, etc and whether the offence formed part of an established pattern. Circle or underline it. It is of enormous importance not only in making security and classification decisions, but also in terms of making program assignments.
You should also take into account issues of faith, religion and belief when analysing the child or young person and making recommendations for sentencing.
Additionally, the officer should interview the defense counsel, the prosecutor, law enforcement agents who investigated the conduct that led to the defendant's conviction, victims, the defendant's family, present or previous employers, school officials, doctors, counselors, and others.
Freewriting Free-writing is a process of generating a lot of information by writing non-stop. Rules[ edit ] Local rules, adopted by the judges of each jurisdiction, supplement the federal rules and set a specific schedule for the disclosure of the initial draft of the presentence report to the defendant and both counsel, for the filing of objections to the report by counsel, and for the submission of the final report to the court, the defendant, and counsel.
During the interview, the probation officer will ask the offender to sign authorizations to release confidential information. During the investigation, the probation officer may consult a probation officer specialist who is a subject matter expert about guidelines, financial investigation, mental health, substance abuse, or some other aspect of the case.
An assessment of the impact of this should be included within pre-sentence reports. As you think of other ideas, link the new ideas to the central circle with lines. Effect of online learning on struggling ESL college writers. The probation officer must manage the investigation process within the time line established by those rules.
As you think of ideas that relate to the new ideas, add to those in the same way. Since some defendants may not remember all such prior history, some defense attorneys conduct their own investigations. The officer will use them to develop a brief chronological history of the prosecution of the case and identify the specific charges that resulted in the conviction.
It will also give a good indication as to the risk an offender poses — which is what, after-all, the Probation Service attempts to manage.
These documents may be found in the district court clerk's file. If the young person can take responsibility for changing future behaviour, even without acknowledging the extent of past actions, this should be a positive indicator reflected in the analysis.
After the interview of the offender, contact with the prosecutorand the criminal history inquiry, the probation officer must identify any information gaps, must identify potential sources for the missing information, and must plan on how to eliminate the gaps. Before interviewing the defendant about the offense, the probation officer must review official descriptions of the offense conduct and the applicable guidelines.
It may have a negative impact if you include the scores given by tools such as the youth offender group reconviction score. You may also ask the child or young person and parent or carer to complete an additional safeguarding assessment tool to establish any safety needs for the child or young person as a result of their contact with the justice system.
When objections to report are received, the probation officer must manage the resolution of disputes. Others such as blaming alcohol may actually help, as they enable the child or young person to separate their behaviour from themselves — so stopping the drinking is likely to stop the behaviour.
Also, the officer discloses the report to the defendant, and both attorneys, but the job is not finished.
The probation officer must manage the investigation process within the time line established by those rules. At least not if you obtained a copy. This is important because many have seen this as suggestive of sentencing disparities or inequality in the treatment of offenders with a lower socioeconomic status or little to few ties to the community, but As Alarid and Montemayorp.
The probation officer must scrutinize each document received and determine the likely accuracy of the record. This article explains how probation officers in the United Kingdom should go about writing the offence analysis part to a Pre Sentence Report (PSR) How to write a Pre Sentence Report (PSR) – Offence Analysis.
A PSR Pre Sentence Report is written by a probation officer, and may take several weeks to complete, so the accused’s matter is usually adjourned to allow for the necessary information to be compiled. However, after a number of years of preparing and writing pre sentence reports, I have seen a clear benefit to the court and the client.
The court obtains an objective overall picture of the client, their life, and the issues which may have led them to make the choices which culminated in the offending. While looking at research done in Scotland and Canada, Pre-sentence reports (PSR), which are noted as Social Enquiry Reports within Scotland, are considered to be a key and influential aspect within their Criminal Justice System and the decision process on the subject of sentencing a custodial or non-custodial sentencing.
Handbook on How to Write a Good Pre-sentence Report: A Practical Guide for Professionals Working in the Criminal Justice System The style in which it is written allows the reader a coherent explanation of the fundamentals of pre-sentence reporting.
It is a practical book that pursues a practical solution to the inadequacies of many. Sentencing Tips for New York Lawyers Obtain a Copy of the Pre-sentence Report and Request Corrections. by Alan Rosenthal. Introduction.
Defense attorneys now customarily review the pre-sentence report prepared by the Probation Department prior to sentencing.Writing a pre sentence reporting